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The UK / Great Britain

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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands: Great Britain and Ireland, and about 5 thousand small islands. The UK is made up of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Great Britain contains England, Scotland and Wales and does not include Northern Ireland. But in everyday speech "Great Britain" is used to mean the UK.

The British national flag is the Union Jack. The capital of the UK is London. London is the world's 7th biggest city. It is one of the biggest commercial centres and ports of the world. It is also an important political, cultural and education centre. The largest cities of the UK are Glasgow, Liverpool and Manchester.

The United Kingdom is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, the Irish Sea and the North Sea, which separate the British Isles from the European continent.

The climate of the United Kingdom is mild, humid and changeable. The warm waters of Gulf Stream influence the weather. The summers are cool and rainy; the winters are not very cold. This humid and mild climate is good for plants. The UK is one of the world's smallest countries. Its population is over 57 million. About 80% of population is urban. The official language of the country is English.

The UK is highly developed industrial country. One of the chief industries of the country is shipbuilding. Also the UK is one the world's largest producers of electronics and aircrafts.

The UK is a constitutional monarchy. The Head of the State is a monarch. The present British monarch is Queen Elizabeth II.

If I had a chance I would like to visit London. Its international airport Heathrow is the biggest airport in the world. Also I think it is very interesting to visit old town and the subway.





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